2-Agriculture - food (Segment)

De la série « Demain / Tomorrow »

Detroit, part of the American industrial heartland now labelled the rustbelt, experienced a decline in population from 1,850,000 in 1950 to 713,000 in 2010, with those remaining behind tending to be poor. To cope, these citizens came up with a creative strategy for one of life's necessities: food. They formed self-governing organizations so that their food source no longer depended on long-distance transportation, that is, on oil. Now, Detroit residents produce their vegetables locally, in the city itself. Motor City now boasts 1,600 farms! Detroit is now acquiring the reputation of being a DIY (Do it Yourself) city that has embraced a communitarian philosophy. 

In Normandy, Perrine and Charles Hervé-Gruyer, organic farmers, practice permaculture, an agricultural system modeled on natural ecosystems. They produce diversified crops (1,000 crop varieties on one hectare), without resorting to fuel oil. The earth, which they enrich with humus, is naturally more fertile. "Agroecology," says Cyril Dion, "can store CO2 in the soil and trees, and redeploy biodiversity. Insects and animals come back." By allowing nature to regenerate, the Hervé-Gruyers have managed to multiply their yield by a factor of ten. In this small farm, agroecology is more profitable than monoculture, which impoverishes the land and remains dependent on oil, fertilizers and pesticides. On our planet, 75% of food is produced by small farms of a few hectares. According to Olivier De Schutter, the use of agroecology would double agricultural yields in ten years. 

In England, the people of Todmorden sow vegetables and plant fruit trees in the streets, and produce is available freely for everyone. Coming together in the Incredible Edible movement, their goal was to achieve food self-sufficiency by 2018. In Devon, at the Riverford Farm, Guy Watson, in association with other organic farmers across the country, oversees the delivery of 44,000 baskets of food a week, distributed within 48 hours of harvesting. 

These thriving operations show that people living in towns and even urban settings can produce their own food. Moreover, there are resources available for the countryside to repopulate itself. This could even be done on a large scale, if the petrochemical industry, which is related to the agri-food sector, does not block this important initiative. 

Source: Wikipedia – Tomorrow (movie, 2015) 

Speakers: Vandana Shiva, Writer, founder of Navdanya Charles and Perrine Hervé-Gruyer, Ferme Du Bec Hellouin and Olivier de Schutter, Lawyer, Professor of International Law

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